ISET

ISET Economist Blog

A blog about economics in the South Caucasus.
Mar
09

Agriculture in Georgia: Are There Any Real Changes in the Sector?

After years of negligence, from 2012 onwards, Georgian agriculture returned to the spotlight. State funding for the sector grew from 85 mln. GEL in 2011 to more than 200 mln. GEL in the consecutive years, and up to 293 mln. GEL in 2020. The state launched more than ten agricultural support programs and established a separate agency, the Agricultural Projects Management Agency (APMA), in 2013 for their management. Those engaged in agriculture obviously welcome the increased state support to the sector, however many now question the results. The various ou...
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Dec
18

The Role of Circular Labor Migration in Reducing Unemployment: How Ambitious Should it Be?

The topic of circular labor migration has recently received increased attention within the objective of reducing unemployment in Georgia. Circular migration Schemes (CMS) are widely recognized policy tools for reducing illegal migration and facilitating the return of emigrants to their countries of origin. The Georgian government’s increased interest and efforts to develop circular migration deals with EU member states serve, on the one hand, the long-term objective of addressing high level of unemployment, and, on the other hand, to reduce illegal, and ...
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Dec
14

Are Giorgi and Mariam More Employable than Arthur and Zeynab?

  It all started with a simple exercise for my Master’s project in which I tried to understand the underlying causes of the observed wage gap between ethnic Georgians and ethnic minorities in the country. After more than a decade, a reputable international journal has published a paper reporting on the experimental evidence my colleagues and I collected and analyzed on labor market outcomes for ethnic minority and female citizens of Georgia. Back in 2008, using the Integrated Household Survey collected by the statistics office of Georgia for 2007 an...
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Feb
19

Why Is Georgia Educating Future Unemployed?

  Sadly, today we are using budget funds to directly fund unemployment. We are financing professions that may not be required later. Giorgi Kvirikashvili, Prime Minister of Georgia As most other former socialist countries, Georgia enjoys a very high literacy level, as measured e.g. by the share of people completing secondary education. And yet, the single most problematic factor for doing business in Georgia, at least since 2013, is “inadequately educated workforce”. Not crime. Not corruption. Not access to finance. Not faulty infrastructure. Inade...
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Recent Comments
Simon Appleby
The dual education model is widely practiced in the Commonwealth (53 countries, 2.4 billion people) and the USA as well. The medie... Read More
Wednesday, 21 February 2018 11:11 AM
Eric Livny
I could not agree more, Simon. Those trades/professions that impact human health and safety should be given the highest priority, ... Read More
Wednesday, 21 February 2018 11:11 AM
Simon Appleby
In a developed service economy with limited natural resources and an ageing population (Hong Kong), there are 36,000 VET students ... Read More
Wednesday, 21 February 2018 11:11 AM
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Mar
11

When Carrefour Corners Your Corner Store

In the last few decades, large supermarkets (referring to all modern retail, which includes chain stores of various formats such as hypermarkets, convenience and neighborhood stores) have changed the retail business landscape in many countries through larger store formats, more shelf space, an increased variety of goods and services, and extensive marketing strategies. The so-called “supermarket revolution” has been underway in developing countries since the early 1990s, and supermarkets have now gone well beyond their initial upper and middle class cust...
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Simon Appleby
Well done Irakli on a very comprehensive analysis and some thought-provoking suggestions.In countries that have had a significant ... Read More
Monday, 13 March 2017 3:03 PM
Irakli Shalikashvili
Thanks Simon for your comment. I would also like to add that in Tbilisi trading experience has got a long time period history. So... Read More
Tuesday, 14 March 2017 7:07 AM
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Dec
04

Agriculture: An Engine of Inclusive Growth in Georgia?

Any observer of the Georgian economy would probably agree that the country has too many people employed (or, rather, under-employed) in agriculture. Historically, many countries have experienced a secular decline in the share of employment (and GDP) related to the agricultural sector. Yet, Georgia has seen limited structural change out of agriculture (other than, perhaps, into seasonal or permanent labor migration). For more than a decade, the share of employment in the agricultural sector has been around 52-54%. As illustrated in the figure below, the r...
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Guest — Simon Appleby
Unfortunately, according to Geostat, growth in the agricultural sector in the first two quarters of 2014 has been stagnant and lag... Read More
Friday, 05 December 2014 5:05 AM
Guest — Adam
True, though given that much of the economic activity taking place in the agricultural sector is informal and unreported (or under... Read More
Friday, 05 December 2014 11:11 AM
Guest — Simon Appleby
Consolidation of land holdings is hard when a large proportion of landowners of small plots live in Moscow, Tbilisi or Istanbul. E... Read More
Friday, 05 December 2014 12:12 PM
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